Throughout the past few years, few currencies have been subject to such ongoing political risk than the GBP.
Certainly, before the Transition Period, trading Brexit was incredibly frustrating, although the good news for traders was that Brexit headlines were largely idiosyncratic to UK assets, with some sensitivity in the EUR. So, if this was all too much you could avoid it fairly easily in alternative foreign markets.
If you chose to trade the GBP (or FTSE100), however, you knew you were trading headlines, many of which would throw up false signals and just lead to twists within twists in a very drawn-out saga. Very little politically was agreed upon until the last minute and subsequently, volatility was elevated relative to other G10 FX pairs, which meant traders had to keep position sizing to a minimum as the risk they took in a position increased.
With implied volatility moving higher we saw traders time in the market reduced, and GBP exposures were seldom held when a trader couldn’t be in front of the screens.
Are we set for a repeat of these conditions?
It seems unlikely, and a trade deal is the clear consensus view, although the risk of moving past 31 December, and the end of the transition phase, without a deal simply can’t be ruled out.
The options market always gives great insights into semantics and helps quantify expected movement for a specific point in time. GBPUSD 1-week implied volatility (vols) currently sits at 10% and eyeing a move lower into 8%, with 1-month vols a touch higher at 10.35%. For context, the options market sees a move of 150-pips, and 328-pips over a 1-week and 1-month period respectively (higher or lower). This doesn’t signal a market sensing an impending explosive move in price.
(GBPUSD 1-month implied volatility)
Positioning hardly reeks of concern to hold GBP exposures either, and we can see both leveraged funds and asset managers running very neutral GBP futures positions (source: the weekly CFTC futures report). Our own client flow has been incredibly two-way (i.e. long and short) of late, perhaps mirroring that of the institutional world.
(CFTC GBP futures positions. Upper pane – leveraged funds, lower – asset managers)
The lack of implied vol and robust performance of the GBP on a broad basis suggests the market sees the risk of no-deal as a low probability. Rightly so, in the market’s eyes passing 31 December without a deal would constitute a grave error on behalf of chief negotiator, David Frost, and Boris Johnson, and would be avoidable headwind for an economy that is still incredibly vulnerable.
Probabilities in trading
If we take the 2 November swing low of 1.2855 as a key downside target on heightened signs of no deal, at this juncture, the options market places a 16.3% chance of this level being breached in the coming month and 19.2% by 1 January.
Some participants will clearly believe the market is under-pricing the risk of a sharp downside move in GBPUSD. EURGBP is the cleaner play here, but again there is limited worry expressed in the GBP, with price printing a series of lower highs and where a breakthrough 0.8866 would be powerful.
Interestingly, the options market places a 32.8% probability of GBPUSD pushing above 1.3400, and re-test of the September highs in the coming month, and that feels like the higher risk.
Can a deal be forged in time?
In the near-term, there are still clear uncertainties on reconciling differences around EU access to UK fishing waters, the ongoing governance of a deal (and the dispute resolution) and a “level playing field” on aspects like workers’ rights, state aid and environment.
Thursday’s EU 27 leaders meeting looms large, and while we may hear of an appetite for a deal, it seems unlikely that this will be the forum to announce something tangible. While officials have commented on deadlines, none are legally binding, and we really need to consider the absolute latest a deal can be forged.
Should an agreement be found, it takes some 21 days for it to be debated and ratified through both the UK and EU courts. In theory, this means the latest we can wait for some sort of free trade deal is the end of November and even then, there are no guarantees it will pass the respective parliaments. This is when GBP volatility will come alive and GBP will see far more extreme and erratic movement.
There has been some speculation that we could see an emergency European Parliament meeting being called in late December, which may come to fruition attention if we get agreement by the end of November.
Of course, this time may be different, and we may not have to wait until the very last minute for a deal and we may hear of agreement in the upcoming weekend or early next week. What’s clear though is either the market doesn’t see the talks as a major volatility driver, or that the effects on price of an agreement may be short-lived, that is, before we re-focus on COVID trends, a vaccine and reflation into 2021.
What seems consistent is that few are positioned for no-deal and are fully on board with a deal at some stage.
I personally favour GBP upside, as I do sit in the camp that a deal will be found. However, the closer we get to the end of November without a deal the more nervous the market will get. It could be a long December for GBP bulls.
This article is brought to you in association with Pepperstone. All opinions expressed in this article are from the author and do not necessarily represent the opinions of The Armchair Trader.