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Technical Analysis: A week littered with landmines


While we look ahead to the Bank of Japan (BoJ) meeting on 19 December and keep a vigil on headlines from local press on potential policy tweaks, this week it’s not hard to find tier-one catalysts and event risk for traders to navigate their exposures over.

On the central bank side, we look for guidance from the Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, Norges Bank and the Swiss National Bank. For traders who focus on the higher beta Latin American FX, MXN and BRL, we get the Banxico and BCB meetings.

We see preliminary PMIs in the US, UK, and EU, with the UK and Australia reporting employment data. The US CPI print gets close attention and after Friday’s Non-farm Payrolls report this could have big implications on the pricing of a March cut from the Fed, at this point, I am inclined to fade current rate cut expectations, as it still feels like June is a more likely starting point for policy easing. However, a below consensus CPI print would clearly strengthen the case for sooner easing.

US treasuries will again be influential in driving the USD and gold, and while the FOMC meeting and US CPI print will be a clear risk, so could the US Treasury Departments scheduled $37b 10yr (12 December) & $21b 30yr bond auctions. I am leaning long of USDs this week but would get greater confidence on a break of 104.31 in the DXY, and a further push towards 7.2400 in USDCNH. USDCHF looks to eye a move into 0.8900.

I am still biased long of US equity indices, with the NASDAQ100 getting good attention as it looks to break the consolidation highs. EU equity is where the momentum traders have focused attention, with the DAX40 having closed higher in 8 of the past 10 sessions and sitting at new highs. We see good participation in the rally, with 93% of stocks above the 50-day MA, 72% above their 200-day MA, and 50% at 4-week highs. Perhaps too hot to initiate longs, pullbacks are likely buying opportunities in a bullish trend.

Gold has modest downside risk and I look for 1980/70 to come into play, while Crude Oil upside has been confined by the 5-day EMA, so break here and we should see a quick move to $73.06.

The key event risks for the week ahead:

US CPI (13 December)

The marquee event risk of the week – the market looks for headline CPI to come in at 0.0% mom / 3.1% yoy, and core CPI at 0.3% mom / 4% yoy. Post US nonfarm payrolls, the market has reduced some of the lofty easing expectations for 2024, with US swaps now pricing 111bp of cuts by Dec 2024. With the market broadly short of USDs, the pain trade is a hotter CPI print, where core CPI comes in above 0.35% mom, resulting in the odds of a March rate cut being pared right back. Risk bulls and USD shorts will want to see a core CPI print below 0.25%, which keeps a cut in March firmly on the table.

UK employment and wages report (12 December)

UK wages are expected to increase 7.6% 3m/yoy, a slowdown from the 7.9% yoy pace seen in September. Even though wages are falling, the absolute level of wages still supports the case for the BoE to ease the bank rate in 2H24.

BoE meeting (14 December)

In theory, this meeting should be a low-volatility affair – There is no chance of changing policy at this meeting, and the BoE should vote 7-2 in favour of no change. With 3 cuts priced by late 2024, there are modest upside risks for the GBP at this meeting.

FOMC meeting (14 December)

The Fed will provide new economic projections here, although we shouldn’t see any big changes in their inflation, growth, or unemployment estimates. The focus will be on their projections for the fed funds rate (or the ‘dots’ plot) in 2024. On balance, we should see the median projection for the fed funds rate in 2024 being taken from 5.1% to 4.875%, implying a base case of two 25bp cut next year, although there are risks of a deeper change to 4.6%. With US swaps pricing the fed funds rate at 4.21% by Dec 2024, if the 2024 ‘dot’ is set at 4.875% it could result in USD short covering. The tone of the statement and Powell’s presser could also promote USD volatility, where Jay Powell should make it clear they’re not currently talking about easing. Modest hawkish risks in this meeting.

Australia employment report (14 December)

The median estimate from economists is for 11k jobs created in November, and the U/E rate to tick up to 3.8%. On the week, I would look to fade rallies in AUDUSD into 0.6670. EURAUD shorts look compelling, although AUD longs would be keen to see a better tape in the CN50.

Brazil central bank meeting (14 December)

The BCB is expected to cut the Selic rate by 50bp to 11.75%. The broad view is the BCB will now cut at every meeting until the policy rate is closer to 10%.

Swiss National Bank meeting (14 December)

CHF swaps price a 20% chance of a 25bp cut at this meeting and 67bp by Dec 2024 (or just under three 25bp cuts). Biased towards USDCHF upside this week, with conviction increasing through 0.8828.

Norges Bank meeting (14 December)

We see NOK swaps price a 28% chance of a 25bp hike at this meeting, which seems underpriced. A 25bp hike wouldn’t surprise at all, an outcome that could promote a solid rally in the NOK.

China monthly growth data (15 December)

The market will see data on industrial production, fixed asset investment and retail sales. The consensus is for a strong lift in activity, notably in the November retail sales report which is eyed at 12.5% (from 7.6%). China’s equity market continues to attract sellers, and we see no let-up in the bearish trend. We therefore watch to see if the data can stabilize the tape and attract better buyers.

US retail sales (15 December)

The market looks for a decline of 0.1% mom, with the control group element rising 0.2%. The outcome could influence Q4 GDP nowcast models, which currently suggest the US is growing at 1.25%.

Banxico meeting (Mexico) (15 December)

There is no chance of a cut at this meeting, but the MXN will be sensitive to guidance on the future path of easing. March seems a likely starting point for Banxico to start its cutting cycle. MXNJPY has seen increased interest and should be on the radar given the BoJ meeting next week.

ECB meeting (15 December)

The market will see new economic projections from the ECB, with their core CPI estimates expected to drop a touch to 2.8% in 2024, and 2024 GDP at 0.8% (from 1%). Post ECB executive board member Isabel Schnabel’s comments last week on inflation, the door is wide open for a rate cut in April – so EUR traders will be looking at signs around a readiness to cut. We should hear more on the future of PEPP reinvestments and the acceleration of reducing the ECB’s balance sheet.

EU HCOB manufacturing and services PMI (15 December)

The consensus is we see the EU manufacturing index coming in at 44.5 (from 44.2), and services at 49 (48.7). Further poor numbers are expected, but recent trends show EU economic data – while weak – has been largely coming in better-than-feared.

UK S&P global manufacturing and services PMI (15 December)

The consensus is we see the UK manufacturing index come in at 47.5 (from 47.2), and services at 51.0 (50.9). The market should be more sensitive to the service print, so a read above 52.0 should promote a GBP rally. A read below 50.0 should see GBP under pressure.

US S&P global manufacturing and services PMI (16 December)

The consensus is we see the manufacturing index come in at 49.3 (from 49.4), and services at 50.7 (50.8).

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This article does not constitute investment advice. Do your own research or consult a professional advisor.

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